A big component of care planning may be self-management, as lifestyle changes such as healthy eating, exercise, and taking your medicines correctly are usually needed.
A care plan is the document that comes from care planning. It's a living document. This means it can, and should, be updated and changed based on discussions with your healthcare team about how to improve the way your look after your health conditions and your overall hauora and wellbeing. It should include what is important to you.
As social circumstances and life events affect your health and wellbeing, the Te Whare Tapa Wha model is often used in Aotearoa New Zealand for healthcare providers to understand your unique situation. The 4 parts of wellbeing are Taha tinana (physical health), Taha wairua (spiritual health), Taha whānau (family health) and Taha hinengaro (mental health). They are all grounded in whenua or the land. Having information about all these aspects of your health/hauora enables a personalised or individualised care plan to be made by you, your healthcare team and your whānau. Read more about Māori models of health and Pasifika models of health.
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