The treatment of hypercalcaemia depends on what is causing it and how severe it is. If the levels of calcium in your blood are only slightly high and you do not have any symptoms, your doctor will monitor your condition on an ongoing basis. This will involve having blood tests every 6 months to check your calcium levels and kidneys. Your doctor may advise you to:
- drink more water each day to reduce the risk of kidney stones
- not exceed the recommended dietary calcium intake ie, about 1000 mg per day
- ensure you are getting enough vitamin D.
If you have extremely high calcium levels in your blood, you may need to be hospitalised. This is so a doctor can reduce your calcium levels and monitor you regularly.
If your hypercalcaemia is due to an overactive parathyroid gland, you may require surgery to remove the parathyroid gland. Read more about treatment options for hyperparathyroidism.
For hypercalcaemia due to cancer, osteoporosis medicines called bisphosphonates are given by injection into your vein. If it is caused by high levels of vitamin D or sarcoidosis, then a short course of steroids such as prednisone may be given.
|What questions should I ask my healthcare team about hypercalcaemia?
|If you are diagnosed with hypercalcaemia, you may have lots of questions for your doctor, nurse, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It’s okay to ask questions. Here are a few suggestions.
- What is causing my hypercalcaemia?
- How severe is my hypercalcaemia?
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the side effects of treatment?
- What can I do to reduce the symptoms of hypercalcaemia?
- How will having hypercalcaemia affect my everyday life?
- Are there any foods I need to stop eating?