Medicines may be difficult to swallow for many reasons, including the following:
- Tablets and capsules may be large.
- Having a dry mouth.
- Having a developmental or learning disability.
- Some liquid medicines have an unpleasant taste and children may not like taking them. Read more about tips on how to give medicines to babies and children.
- A child may not be able to swallow tablets or capsules. There is no set age at which children are able to swallow solid medicines; some can find it difficult until they reach their early teens.
- Older adults who have weakened muscles around their food pipe (oesophagus) because of ageing may find it difficult to swallow medicines.
- Stroke, dementia, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson's disease or cancer are conditions that may affect your throat and throat muscles.