There are currently several classes of antiretrovirals and they all work in different ways against HIV.
|Antiretroviral drug class||Examples|
|Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors||Tenofovir, emtricitabine, abacavir, lamivudine, didanosine, zidovudine|
|Protease inhibitors||Atazanavir, darunavir, indinavir, lopinavir, ritonavir|
|Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors||Efavirenz, etravirine, nevirapine, rilpivirine|
Some antiretroviral medicines have been combined into one pill, known as a "fixed-dose combination". This means that the most common treatments for people just diagnosed with HIV involve taking just 1 or 2 pills a day.
Read a complete list of antiretroviral medicines currently available in New Zealand(external link)