Itchy and flaky dandruff can usually be controlled with a medicated shampoo. If your dandruff is mild, try a gentle shampoo first to reduce oil and skin cells building up on your scalp. If that doesn't help, try a medicated anti-dandruff shampoo, which you can buy at the chemist or supermarket. Ask your pharmacist if you need help.
Look for a shampoo containing one of the following ingredients:
- Zinc pyrithione
- Salicylic acid
- Selenium sulphide (or selenium sulfide)
- Coal tar
There are many different dandruff shampoos, and each contains different active ingredients for controlling symptoms. To get the best results, always follow the instructions on the bottle. For example, some dandruff shampoos require that you lather the shampoo into the hair and scalp and leave the shampoo in for about 5 minutes before rinsing. Others should not be left on the scalp.
You might need to try more than one product to find the one that works best for you. Some of the stronger formulations are only available by prescription from your doctor.
(American Academy of Dermatology, US, 2015)