Losartan + hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). It consists of 2 medicines in a single tablet, which work together to control your blood pressure. Losartan works by relaxing your blood vessels and hydrochlorothiazide helps your body get rid of extra salt (sodium) and water.
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Losartan + hydrochlorothiazide
Key points about losartan +hydrochlorothiazide
- Losartan + hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat high blood pressure.
- It consists of 2 medicines in a single tablet, which work together to control your blood pressure. Losartan works by relaxing your blood vessels and hydrochlorothiazide helps your body get rid of extra salt (sodium) and water.
- Find out how to take it safely and possible side effects.
In Aotearoa New Zealand the strength of the losartan + hydrochlorothiazide tablet is losartan 50 mg + hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg.
- The usual dose is 1 tablet once a day.
- Depending on your condition, your dose may be increased to 2 tablets once a day.
- Always take your medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. The pharmacy label on your medicine will tell you how much to take, how often to take it and any special instructions.
- Take your dose once a day, in the morning. You can take it with or without food.
- Stay hydrated and make sure you drink enough water. This is especially important during exercise and hot weather, which can increase your risk of dehydration. If you do not drink enough water you may feel faint, light-headed or sick.
- Limit alcohol while taking losartan + hydrochlorothiazide. Having the occasional drink while you are taking losartan + hydrochlorothiazide is safe. However, regularly drinking excessive amounts increase your chance of side effects and reduce the effects of losartan.
- Missed dose: If you forget to take your dose, take it as soon as you remember that day. But, if it is nearly time for your next dose, just take the next dose at the right time. Do not take double the dose.
Here are some things to know when you're taking losartan + hydrochlorothiazide. Other things may be important as well, so ask your healthcare provider what you should know about.
Losaratan + hydrochlorothiazide interacts with some medications, herbal supplements and rongoā Māori, so check with your doctor or pharmacist before starting losartan + hydrochlorothiazide and before starting any new products.
Be careful when taking pain relief medicines
Don't take anti-inflammatory pain relief medication such as ibuprofen, while you are taking losartan + hydrochlorothiazide. This combination can be very harmful to your kidneys and can cause acute kidney injury. You have a higher risk of harm to your kidneys if you are an older person or are dehydrated. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a safer pain relief options. Read more about NSAIDs and protecting your kidneys.
|Examples of NSAIDs
Have a sick day plan
If you have diarrhoea or vomiting from a stomach bug, or have dehydration from other causes, it’s important to let your doctor know. They may advise you to stop taking losartan + hydrochlorothiazide for a few days and restart it when you feel better. The reason for this is that this medicine can increase the amount of potassium salts in your blood, particularly if you are dehydrated.
Pregnant or planning a pregnancy
Do not take losartan + hydrochlorothiazide if you are pregnant, or if there is a chance you could become pregnant. Losartan can cause birth defects and is harmful to unborn babies. Talk to your healthcare provider about alternative blood pressure medicines.
Like all medicines, losartan and hydrochlorothiazide can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them. Often side effects improve as your body gets used to the new medicine.
|What should I do?
|For more information on side effects, see the Medsafe consumer information leaflet below.
Did you know that you can report a side effect to a medicine to CARM (Centre for Adverse Reactions Monitoring)? Report a side effect to a product.(external link)
Credits: Healthify He Puna Waiora Pharmacists. Healthify is brought to you by Health Navigator Charitable Trust.
Reviewed by: Maya Patel, MPharm PGDipClinPharm, Auckland
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