Social determinants of health are the circumstances in the environments in which people are born, grow up, live, learn, work and age.
- housing, transportation and neighbourhoods
- racism, discrimination and violence
- education, job opportunities and income
- access to nutritious foods and physical activity opportunities
- polluted air and water
- language and literacy skills.
Social determinants of health are also the wider set of forces and systems affecting these circumstances, eg, economic and development policies, geographic and climatic environments, social norms, social policies and political systems.
All these factors can affect health, wellbeing and quality of life.